History on Iran’s Nuclear Program
The nuclear program of Iran became an issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of their two previous unreported nuclear facilities back in 2002 on the month of August. Its two facilities that’s the uranium enrichment plant that’s located in Natanz and the heavy water reactor that’s based on Arak have two possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following the negotiations made by the EU-3 that is Germany, France and also the UK back in October 2003, Iran then agreed to suspend all of its activities on uranium enrichment. Another thing is that the EU-3 acknowledged on its nuclear rights and promised as well to supply Iran with modern technology after this provided sufficient assurance on its international community about the nature of its nuclear program.
The said suspensions on its enrichment activity lasted in June 2005 after the made election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Iran later on resumed its uranium enrichment and be able to see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. This offer however was being rejected by Iran because the nuclear officials considers it very insulting and it is also humiliating.
Both the US and EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in referring Iran to the United Nations Security Council on any possible sanctions.
Back in September 2009, Iran informed the IAEA for a second uranium enrichment facility that’s under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, US and France also issued a joint statement that argues that the disclosure of its recet secret facility is growing a concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. Iran however claimed it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After on the revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC as well as the IAEA. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.